Ultimate Hop Chart

Characteristics, Flavors & Substitutions

Admiral (U.K.) 13.5-16% Ale U.K. Target, U.K. Northdown, U.K. Challenger Known for its bittering potential.
Agnus 9-14% Czech Pilsner, German Lager, Pale Ale Strong spicy and herbal notes.
Ahil 10-12% Belgian Ale
Ahtanum™ 4.0-6.3% India Pale Ale, Pale Ale, Heffeweisen, American Ales, Lagers, Californian Common, Bitters Amarillo, Cascade Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
Alliance 4.6-7.5%
Amallia 5.5-9% Brown Ale, Dark Ale Deep earthy aroma.
Amarillo® 8.0-11.0% Ale, IPA Cascade, Centennial Orange citrus flavor. Citrusy, flowery.
Amethyst 2.0-6.0% Pale Ale, Lager Notably earthy, citrusy and spicy.
Apollo 15.0-19.0% India Pale Ale, Imperial India Pale Ale, Experimental Beers Nugget, Columbus, Zeus, Magnum, Millennium A high alpha acid varietal known for its disease resistance.
Apolon 10.0-12.0% Bitter, India Pale Ale
Aquila 6.7-8.9% Belgian Farmhouse Ale Cluster, Galena
Aramis 7.9-8.3% Pilsner, Lager, Wheat, Saison, India Pale Ale, Belgian Ales, Pale Ale, Porter Willamette, Challenger, Ahtanum™, Strisselspalt, Centennial, Chinook, Hallertau, Tettnanger Sweet with notes of spice, citrus and herbs.
Atlas 9.0-11.0% American Pale Ale, Belgian Ale Intense notes of lime, blossom, and pine.
Aurora 7.0-12.0% American Pale Ale, Dark Lager Styrian Golding, Northern Brewer Spicy.
Azacca® 14.0-16.0% India Pale Ale A dual-use, high-alpha hop. Aroma and flavor characteristics of apricot, ripe mango, orchard fruit, orange, grapefruit, pine, and pineapple.
Backa 3.1-6.9% Lager, Pilsner
Banner 8.4-13.0% Bitter Aquila, Cluster, Galena Moderate bittering potential, pleasant aroma.
Bate’s Brewer
Belma® 9.4-12.1% Pale Ale, Blonde, India Pale Ale Notes of orange, melon, strawberry, pineapple with a hint of grapefruit.
Bianca 7.0-8.0% Lager, Pilsner, Belgian Ale Sunbeam
Bitter Gold
Blato 4.5% Lager,Pilsner Similar delicate aroma profile to other Saaz hops.
Blisk 9.7-14.1% English Ale, Extra Special Bitter, Lager, Pilsner
Blue Northern Brewer 6.0-8.0% India Pale Ale Chinook
Boadicea 8.0-9.0% Pilsner Delicate aroma of orchard blossoms and grass. Subtle spicy character.
Bobeck 3.5-7.0% English Ale, Extra Special Bitter, Lager, Pilsner Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding Pleasant aroma, pine.
BOR 2.0-3.0% German Pilsner, Pale Ale, Wheat Beer
Bouclier 5.2-9.0% English Ales, Pale Ale, Lager, Imperial Stout, Saison, Pils, Blonde Aromas of herb, grass and spice alongside a citrus and floral character.
Bramling 5.8% Golden Ale, Bitter, Rye Ale, India Pale Ale, Stout, Golden Ale, Imperial Stout, Pale Ale, Holiday Ale Whitbread Golding, Progress, East Kent Golding Pleasant European aroma.
Bramling Cross (U.K.) 5.0-7.8% Golden Ale, Strong Ale, Stout, Porter Whitbread Golding, Progress, East Kent Golding Notes of lemon, blackcurrant, blackberries and plums particularly when used as a late addition.
Bravo 14.0-17.0% India Pale Ale, American Pale Ale, Extra Special Bitter Columbus, Zeus, Apollo, Magnum, Nugget Spicy, earthy, and lightly floral aroma.
Brewer’s Gold 7-8.5% English ale Bullion Bittering hop with neutral aroma character.
Brewer’s Gold (German) 6-7% Ale, heavier German-style lagers Northdown, Northern Brewer, Galena, Bullion Black currant, fruity, spicy.
Buket 11.0% English Ale, Extra Special Bitter, Lager, Pilsner
Bullion 6.5-9% IPA, ESB, stout Columbus, Northern Brewer, German Brewer’s Gold A rich hop primarily used for bittering. Intense blackcurrant aroma.
Bullion 10A 8.0-13.8% Stout, Doppelbock, Barley Wine, Imperial Stout Columbus, Northern Brewer, Galena, Chinook, Brewer’s Gold Same as Bullion
Buzz Bullets 8.0-10.0% India Pale Ale, Lager, American Ales Floral and citrus notes.
California Cluster
Canadian Redvine
Canterbury Whitebine
Cascade (U.S.) 4.5-7.0% Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine Amarillo, Centennial, possibly Columbus Pleasant, flowery, spicy, and citrusy. Can have a grapefruit flavor.
Cascade 6.0-8.0% Pale ale, IPA, porter, barleywine Ahtanum, Cascade, Centennial Similar to US Cascade, has floral, citrus grapefruit character.
Cashmere 7.7-9.1% This dual purpose variety is an offspring of Cascade and Northern Brewer. Cashmere has aroma and flavor characteristics of melon, lemon, lime, herbs, and citrus fruits.
Celeia 3.0-6.0% Styrian Golding Moderate and pleasant zesty bitterness with matching floral aroma, making its use widespread in both ale and lager brewing.Stores very well.
Centennial 8.0-11.5% All ale styles, has been used with wheat beer Cascade, possibly Columbus Medium with floral and citrus tones.
Challenger (U.K.) 6.5-8.5% English-style ales, porter, stout, ESB, bitter U.S. or German Perle, Northern Brewer Mild to moderate, quite spicy.
Chinook 10.0-14.0% Pale ale, IPA, stout, porter, lager Columbus, Northern Brewer, Nugget, U.K. Target Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, piney, and grapefruity.
Citra® 11.0-13.0% Intense citrusy flavor.
Cluster 5.5-8.5% Ale and lager (good aroma for ale, good bittering for lager) Galena Medium and quite spicy.
Columbus 11.0-16.0% IPA, pale ale, stout Chinook, Northern Brewer, Nugget, U.K. Target Pleasant, with pungent aroma.
Comet 9.0-11.0% Grapefruit, lemon, orange, and grassy notes.
Crystal 2-4.5% Lager, pilsner, ESB Mt. Hood, Hersbrucker, French Strisslespalt, Liberty, Hallertauer Mild and pleasant, spicy and flowery.
Dr. Rudi
Early Bird
Early Green
Early Prolific
Early Promise
East Kent Golding
Eastern Gold
Eastern Green
Eastwell Golding
El Dorado 14.0-16.0% Dual purpose hop with fruity, tropical flavors.
Eroica 9-12% Wheat Galena, Nugget, Chinook Strong but pleasant aroma.
Eureka! 17.0-19.0% Simcoe An offspring of Apollo and German Merkur, Eureka! has aromas and characteristics of strong herbal notes, pine, mint, grapefruit rind, tangerine, and other citrus. Great for brewers looking for varieties to use in late addition, whirlpool, or “hop stand” hop additions.
Falconer’s Flight®
First Choice
First Gold (U.K.) 6.5-8.5% Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding, maybe Crystal A little like Golding family; spicy.
Fuggle (U.S.) 4-5.5% Any English-style beer or American ale U.K. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, earthy and fruity.
Fuggle (U.K.) 4-5.5% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, Willamette, Styrian Golding Mild, pleasant, hoppy, and robust.
Fuggle H
Fuggle N
Fuggle Tetraploid
Furano Ace
Galaxy™ 11.0-16.0% When used as a late addition or dry hopped, it contributes a pungent flavor of passionfruit and citrus.
Galena 10.0-14.0% Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter Chinook, Nugget, Pride of Ringwood Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Glacier 5.0-9.0% Styrian Golding, U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger, Willamette Dual purpose hop with a citrus earthy aroma.
Golden Star
Golding (U.S.) 4-6% Pale ale, ESB, all English-style beer U.K. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress, and possibly the Fuggle family Mild, extremely pleasant, and gently hoppy.
Green Bullet
Groene Bel
Hallertau (U.S.) 3.5-5.5% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Liberty, Ultra, Hallertauer Tradition Very mild, pleasant, and slightly flowery, some spicy.
Hallertau Blanc
Hallertauer Gold 6-6.5% Crystal, Mt. Hood Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Hallertauer Mittelfrüh 3.0-5.5% Lager, bock, wheat, maybe pilsner German Tradition, Liberty, Ultra Mild and pleasant.
Hallertauer Tradition 3.5-5.5% Mild-flavored beers Crystal, Liberty Known for its aromatic properties. A replacement for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Hersbrucker 3.0-5.5% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat French Strisslespalt, Mt. Hood Mild to semi-strong, pleasant, hoppy.
Hersbrucker E
Hersbrucker Pure
Hersbrucker Red-Stem
Horizon 11.0-14.0% Ale, lager Magnum Spicy, floral. Low co-humulone results in clean tasting beer.
Hüll Melon
Hüller Bitterer
Idaho 12.0-15.0% A dual-purpose variety with flavors and aromas of tropical fruit, orange, apricot, black tea, pine, and herbs.
Jarrylo™ 15.0-17.0% A high-alpha hop, the flavor imparts a mild sweetness and a tea-like spice, with flavors and aromas of banana, pear, spice, and herbal notes.
Kent Golding (U.K.) 4-5.5% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter U.S. Golding, Whitbread Golding Variety, U.K. Progress Gentle, fragrant, and pleasant.
Keyworth’s Early
Keyworth’s Midseason
Kirin II
Kohatu® 3.0-3.0% Aroma hop with high essential oils and intense floral characters of pine needles and tropical fruit.
Legacy® N/A Clean grapefruit, floral, black currant notes and a spicy aroma.
Lemondrop 5.0-7.0% Amarillo This aroma hop originated from a cross between Cascade and USDA 19058 male. It features (of course) lemony, floral, earthy, herbal, grassy, citrus, pepper, and pine notes.
Liberty 3.0-6.0% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Hallertauer, Hallertauer Tradition, Mt. Hood Mild and clean aroma, slightly spicy character.
Magnum 12.0-16.0% All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout Northdown, Northern Brewer Known for bittering value and quality.
Magnum (U.S.) 10.0-14.0% All beers, particularly lager, pilsner, stout Northdown, Northern Brewer High alpha variety
Mandarina Bavaria
Mt. Hood 3.0-8.0% Lager, pilsner, bock, wheat Crystal, French Strisslespalt, Hersbrucker Mild, pleasant, and clean, somewhat pungent and resiny.
Mt. Rainier 5.0-8.1% Hallertauer only available in 2012
Nelson Sauvin 12.0-14.0% Distinctive white wine “fruitiness,” gooseberry. Considered by some as “extreme,” this hop is often used in specialty craft and seasonal beers.
Newport 13.0-17.0% Galena, Nugget Fairly pungent.
Northdown (U.K.) 7.5-9.5% All ales, porter Fruity with some spiciness.
Northern Brewer (U.S.) 6-10% ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter, California (steam) beer Nugget, Chinook Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer (German) 7.0-10.0% ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter Chinook, U.S. Northern Brewer Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northern Brewer 6.0-10.0% ESB, bitter, English pale ale, porter Chinook, Nugget Medium-strong with some wild tones.
Northwest Golding 4.0-5.0% Ale, porter, stout, ESB, bitter Known for aromatic properties.
Nugget 11.0-14.5% Light lager Chinook, Columbus, Galena, U.K. Target Quite heavy and herbal.
Olympic 11.0-13.0% Chinook Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Opal 5.0-8.0% Styrian Golding German dual-purpose hop
Orbit N/A Orbit is different each year as it uses a proprietary blend of hops specially selected out of the New Zealand “Hops with a Difference” breeding program.
Pacific Gem 13.0-15.0% Galena Bittering hop with delicate blackberry and floral oak. Pleasant aroma and high bitterness level.
Pacific Jade 12.0-14.0% A “soft” bittering hop with spicy and citrus aroma qualities.
Pacific Sunrise
Palisade® 5.5-9.5% Perhaps Cascade Some “American” characteristics.
Pekko™ 13.0-16.0% Saaz A clean and pleasant variety with floral mint, herbal, citrus, thyme, cucumber, lemon, and sage characteristics. Sometimes described as “Saaz like.”
Perle (German) 6.0-8.5% Pale ale, porter, lager Northern Brewer, U.S. Perle Moderately intense, good and hoppy, fruity and a little spicy.
Perle (U.S.) 6.0-9.5% Pale ale, porter, German styles Chinook, Cluster, Galena, Northern Brewer Known for its aromatic and bittering properties, pleasant and slightly spicy.
Petham Golding
Phoenix (U.K.) 4.2-5.5% All ales U.K. Northdown, U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Challenger Similar to U.K. Challenger.
Pilgrim 9.0-13.0% U.K. Challenger, U.K. Target Dual purpose hop with citrusy, fruity, spicy, and lemon aromas.
Pioneer (U.K.) 8-10% Ale, ESB U.K. Kent Golding A mild, typical English aroma.
Pocket Talisman
Polish Lublin 3-4.5% Pilsner U.S. Saaz, Czech Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and typical of noble aroma types, spicy, herbal.
Precoce de Bourgogne
Pride of Kent
Pride of Ringwood 7.0-10.0% Australian lager Cluster, Galena Quite pronounced, woody, earthy, herbal.
Progress (U.K.) 5-7.5% Ale, bitter, ESB, porter U.K. Kent Golding, Fuggle Moderately strong, good aroma.
Rakau 9.0-11.0% High alpha acids and oil content (particularly myrcene) with low cohumulone, making it ideal for the “hoppy not bitter” school of new world IPAs. Aromas and flavors of ripe fruit, grassiness, lemon, grapefruit juice, and hints of tropical flowers.
Red Earth
Riwaka 4.5-6.5% Czech Saaz, possible American “C” hops Citrusy, grapefruit aroma hop
Saaz (Czech) 3.0-4.5% Pilsner U.S. Saaz Very mild with pleasant hoppy notes, earthy, spicy, and herbal.
Saaz (U.S.) 3.0-5.0% Pilsner, lager, wheat Czech Saaz Mild and pleasant, earthy and spicy.
Santiam 5.0-7.9% Lager, American ale, pilsner German Spalt, German Spalt Select, German Tettnanger Noble characteristics.
Saphir 2.5-4.5% Any noble hops Mild aroma hop.
Satus® 12.5-14.0% Galena Known for its bittering and aromatic properties.
Simcoe® 12.0-14.0% A bittering and aromatic hop.
Smaragd 4.0-6.0% Fruity and floral aromas.
Smooth Cone
Sorachi Ace 13.0-16.0% Bittering hop with lemony aroma
Southern Brewer
Southern Cross
Southern Promise
Southern Star
Sovereign 5.0-6.0% U.K. Fuggle mild flavor
Spalt 4.0-5.5% Lager German Spalt Select, U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy.
Spalter Select (German) 4.0-6.0% Lager, and any beer where noble aroma is wanted German Spalt, U.S. Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Very fine Spalter-type aroma.
Spalter Select (U.S.) 3.0-5.0% German lagers Saaz, Tettnanger Medium intensity and pleasant hoppy qualities. Medium-strong aroma with wild American tones.
Sterling 6.0-9.0% Lager, ale, pilsner Saaz Herbal, spicy, pleasant aroma, hint of floral and citrus.
Strisslespalt 3.0-5.0% Pilsner, lager, wheat Crystal, Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood Medium intensity, pleasant, hoppy.
Styrian Aurora 7.0-9.5% Northern Brewer, Styrian Golding, U.S. Styrian Bobek Intense, pleasant and hoppy. Very suitable for extraction and for combination with other varieties in the brewing process.
Styrian Gold
Styrian Golding (Slovenia) 4.5-6% All English-style ales, ESB, bitter, lager U.S. Fuggle, U.K. Fuggle, Willamette Delicate, slightly spicy.
Styrian Wolf
Summer 5.6-6.4% A hop variety formerly known as Summer Saaz that has a gentle floral aroma, slightly earthy. Expect apricot and stone fruit notes when used in dry hopping.
Summit™ 16.0-18.0% Simcoe Ultra high-alpha bittering hop
Sun 12.0-16.0% Magnum High-alpha hop with intense character
Super Alpha 10.0-12.0% Earthy, piney bittering hop.
Super Pride 14.0-14.0% Pride of Ringwood A high alpha variety bred from Pride of Ringwood.
Tardif de Bourgogne
Target (U.K.) 9.5-12.5% All ale and lager Fuggle, Willamette Pleasant English hop aroma, quite intense.
Taurus 12.0-17.0% Magnum high-alpha hop
Tettnanger (German) 3.5-5.5% Lager, ale German Spalt, German Spalt Select, Saaz, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, herbal.
Tettnanger (U.S.) 3.4-5.2% German ales and lagers, American lagers, wheat Czech Saaz, German Spalt, Santiam An aromatic hop, mild and slightly spicy.
Tettnanger A
Tettnanger B
Tomahawk® 15.0-17.0% Ale Columbus Primarily a bittering hop.
Topaz 13.7-17.7% A dual purpose hop, Topaz adds a resinous, grassy flavors; however, with later additions and in higher gravity brews, light tropical fruit flavors (some say lychee) become more pronounced.
Tradition 5.0-7.0% Lager, pilsner Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hersbrucker Very fine and similar to Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Ultra 2.0-4.1% Lager, pilsner, wheat, finish hop in ales Hallertauer Tradition, Liberty, Saaz Very good to outstanding, some Saaz-like qualities. Aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Vanguard 4.0-5.7% Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Saaz Aroma similar to continental European types.
Vic Secret 14.0-17.0% An aroma hop with resinous, grassy and mild fruit flavors. Late and dry hop additions introduce appealing clean and distinct pineapple and pine characters. Lighter and less dominant than Galaxy.
Wai-iti 3.4-3.4% Saaz Aroma hop with a startlingly citrus aroma made up of mandarin, lemon and lime zest
Waimea 16.0-19.0% High alpha but also lots of oils giving fresh tangelo and citrus fruit aroma with pine needles
Wakatu N/A Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Nelson Sauvin Wakatu features floral aromas, as well as notes of fresh lime zest, citrus oils, and has a Mittlefrüh-style sweetness.
Warrior® 15.0-17.0% Ale, stout Nugget A bittering and aromatic hop.
Whitbread Golding Variety (WGV) (U.K.) 5-7% Ale U.K. Kent Golding, U.K. Progress Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense.
Willamette 3.5-6.0% Pale ale, ESB, bitter, English-style ale, porter, stout Styrian Golding, U.S. Fuggle, U.S. Tettnanger Mild and pleasant, slightly spicy, fruity, floral, a little earthy.
Willow Creek
Yakima Cluster 6.0-8.5% Used as a kettle hop for bittering.
Yakima Gold
Zeus 13.0-17.0% Columbus Aromatic and pleasant.